Plant Life

Plants in the chaparral can survive long periods of drought, heat and fire. They are similar to desert plants which can also withstand long periods without water. Some plants in the chaparral require fires in order to survive ( Like the Chamisos). For most other plants in the area, fire is a positive in their life cycle


Some common plants that are found in the chaparral environment are the Chamisos, Protea, Yucca, and killer plants. One type of killer plant is a mistletoe. Not many animals will eat these plants. They are also not good for human's consumption. Those plants are highly flammable and can burn like oil. They can burn down parts of towns in the chaparral area. Some plants have adapted, and when fire burns them they will make beautiful flowers. Some plants cannot grow from a seed without fire to help break the seed coat. Killer plants have adapted by killing other plants and taking their water to stay alive.

The South African chaparral contains over 6,000 plant species that aren't anywhere else in the world. The Protea was named after a god called Proteus. They come in many shapes and sizes, and resemble other flowers on plants. Some look like roses, others are shaped like thistles, pencils, softballs, and pincushions. They come in pink, apricot, silver, yellow, red, and green. The Protea plant is not in any other biome.


Chamiso plants have a waxy substance that covers them and holds moisture in. It is highly flammable and burns like oil. It survives because it can stand long periods of drought. No animals eat this plant. The Chamiso is not in other biomes. The Chamiso is also called greasewood and is one reason why there are so many wildfires in the Chaparral.




The mistletoe is also known as a killer plant. You can find them in oaks, and people use them as Christmas decorations. Like all plants, mistletoe uses chlorophyll to make its own food, so it will survive. Other parasites can kill mistletoe for its water and eat it. It can also be found in the other biomes.

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Plant Life

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